Reflect Learning Units

  • Reflect Learning Units Folders: RLU#1-7

ADRA Cambodia

Reflect Learning Units and Session Topics

Reflect Learning Unit (RLU)

Topics

Session Topics

Target 

I. Introduction & Problem Identification

សេចក្តីណែនាំ និង ការកំណត់បញ្ហារក្នុង​សហកមន៌

1

Introduction to Reflect Circle and Writing names Daily Activities Gender Calendar

W/M

2

Participatory Evaluation

W/M

3

Village Resource Mapping --> See Sample [English] or [Khmer]

W/M

4

Health & Sanitation Mapping (on village map)

W/M

5

Village Authority Mapping

W/M

6

Identifying Problems and Finding Solutions

W/M

 

-          More topics can come from this session including Literacy

 

7

Income/Expense Tree

W/M

8

Putting it all Together - campaign or action

 

II. Learning through Play – In My Own Way

រៀនតាមរយៈការលេង

1

Brain Development

W/M

2

Attachment --> See Sample
[English] or [Khmer]

W/M

3

Physical Growth

W/M

4

Sense of Self and Relationships

W/M

5

Communication and Understanding the world

W/M

6

Importance of Play

W/M

7

Toys and Toy Making

W/M

8

Parental Guidance

W/M

9

Malnutrition Problems/Causes/Factors

W/M

10

Putting it all Together – Review and Graduation

W/M

III. Maternal/Child Nutrition (ENA 1)

អាហារូប្ថម្ភសម្រាប់មាតាឬកុមារ

1

Malnutrition Problems/Causes/Factors

W/M

2

Growth Monitoring & Counseling

W

3

Three food groups --> See Sample
[English] or [Khmer]

W

4

One additional meal during pregnancy (ENA 1.1)

M

5

Hand Washing, safe drinking water and latrine

W/M

6

Putting it all Together - campaign or action

W/M

IV.  Maternal Health During Pregnancy
(ENA 2)

សុខភាពមាតាអំឡុង
ពេលមានផ្ទៃពោះ

1

Promotion of Iron/Folic Acid for women and children (ENA2.1)

W

2

ANC - Deworming for pregnant women (ENA2.2)

M

3

ANC - Tetanus immunization for pregnant women (ENA2.3)

M

4

Family sleeps under bed net (ENA2.4)

M

5

Available Nutritious Foods --> See Sample
[English] or [Khmer]

W/M

6

Putting it all Together - campaign or action

W/M

 V.  Optimal Breastfeeding 0-6 mo.
(ENA 4)

ការបំបៅកូនដោយទឹកដោះម្តាយ
តែមួយមុខគត់ពី
0-6 ខែ

1

Immediate breastfeeding (ENA 4.1)

W/M

2

Exclusive breastfeeding (ENA 4.2)
--> See Sample [English] or [Khmer]

W

3

Breastfeed on demand => 10/day & night (ENA 4.3)

W

4

Eat 2 extra meals/day during breastfeeding (ENA 4.5)

M

5

Child Feeding During Migration

W/M

6

Putting it all Together - campaign or action

W/M

 VI.  Complementary Feeding
6-23 months. (ENA 5)

ការផ្តល់អាហារបន្ថែម
ចាប់ពីអាយុ
6-23 ខែ

1

Introduce soft foods 2-3 times/day at 6 mo (ENA 5.1)

W

2

Continue breastfeeding until at least 2 years (ENA 5.2)

W

3

Enrich babies' food with 2-3 different types )of foods (such as oil, peanuts, meat, eggs, mung beans, vegetables and fruits) at each meal (ENA 5.3)
--> See Sample [English] or [Khmer]

W

4

FREQUENCY: From 6-11 mo. feed enriched food 2-3 times/day and semi-sold snacks 1-2 times/day (ENA 5.4)

W

5

AMOUNT: From 6-8 mo. feed 2-3 tablespoons porridge mixed with other foods; From 9-11 mo. Feed 4 tablespoons porridge mixed with other foods. (ENA 5.5)

W

6

FREQUENCY & AMOUNT: From 12-24 mo. 3-4 meals/day (at least 250ml) enriched porridge or family foods plus 1-2 snacks. Breastfeed baby before offering food. (ENA 5.6)

W

7

Available Nutritious Foods

W

8

Child Feeding During Migration

W/M

9

Putting it all Together - campaign or action

W/M

VII. Positive Deviant/Hearth

កម្មវិធីចង្រ្កាន(ការផ្លាស់ប្តូរការ
ប្រព្រឹត្តប្រកបដោយវិជ្ជមាន)

1

RC: Traditional Beliefs about Nutrition

W/M

2

RC: Available Nutritious Foods for children
--> See Sample [English] or [Khmer]

W/M

 

VOLUNTEERS & VILLAGE CHIEF

W

  ·         Wealth ranking

 

  STAFF & VOLUNTEERS

 

  ·         Market Survey

 

  ·         Growth monitoring (counsel caregivers with results - make sure malnourished children join)

 

  ·         PDI Study

 

  NERP/Hearth sessions 10 days (20 min. non-formal learning, songs and playing)

 

  ·  Select 3-6 PD topics related to good feeding practices in village. Share these informally during the extra meal & snack given to all malnourished children (severe, malnourished and at risk)

 

3

Topic chosen from PDI results

W

4

Topic chosen from PDI results

W

5

Topic chosen from PDI results

W

6

Topic chosen from PDI results

W

7

Topic chosen from PDI results

W

8

Three Food Groups (anticipated as a PD topic)

W

9

Access to Food (anticipated as a PD topic)

W

10

Nutritious Food and Good Practice (anticipated as a PD topic)

W

 

HOME follow-up Visits 10 days

W/M

 

NERP/Hearth Sessions 10 days (repeat or add new topics from PD as needed)

W

11

Putting It All Together - Cooking Demonstration

W/M

 VIII.  Nutritional Care for Sick
Children (ENA 6)

ផ្តល់អាហារសម្រាប់កុមារឈឺ

1

When sick, increase frequency of breastfeeding and if => 6 mo., offer additional food (ENA6.1)

W

2

When child >6 mo. recovers, give 1 additional meal of solid food each day for 14 days (ENA6.2)

W

3

When child has severe diarrhea, take him to the HC and ask for zinc (ENA6.3)
--> See Sample [English] or [Khmer]

W/M

4

When child > 6mo. Has moderate malnutrition, in additional to the supplementary food that he/she receives, give 1 additional bowl of food each day. Breastfeed your child more often (ENA6.4)

W

5

Mutual Parent Responsibility and Roles

W/M

6

Putting it all Together - campaign or action

W/M

 IX.  Micronutrients (ENA 3&7)

មីក្រូសារជាតិ

1

Use iodized salt in cooking for all family members (ENA3)

W

2

Ensure pregnant and lactating women and children each papaya, mango and other yellow/orange fruits, potatoes, dark leafy green vegetables, liver, milk. (Vit. A and Iron) (ENA7.1)

W/M

3

Take Vitamin A supplements  as soon as possible (within 45 days) after delivery (ENA 7.2)

W

4

When baby is 6 months, give Vitamin A supplements every 6 months (ENA7.3)

W/M

5

When child is 1 year, deworm every 6 months (ENA7.4)

W/M

6

Sleep under treated bed net (ENA7.5)

W/M

7

Sprinkles

W

8

Deworming when pregnant

W

9

Putting it all Together - campaign or action
--> See Sample [Khmer]

W/M

X.  AGR Home Gardening

 សួនបន្លែគ្រួសារ

1

Growing Yellow Vegetable

W/M

2

Growing Green Vegetables

W/M

3

Growing Fruits Trees --> See Sample [Khmer]

W/M

4

Growing Rice - SRI

W/M

5

Hen Raising

W/M

6

Fish Raising

W/M

7

Putting it all Together - campaign or action

 W/M

 XI.  WASH

ទឹកស្អាតនិងអនាម័យ

 

1

WAT Safe water (Mainly Drinking)

W/M

2

HYGSAN Method of Behavior Change

W/M

3

HYGSAN Handwashing times

W/M

4

HYGSAN Personal Hygiene

W/M

5

WAT/SAN Putting it all Together – Sanitation for small children campaign

W/M

6

LAT Importance of sanitary latrine use

W/M

7

LAT Importance of sanitary latrine use

W/M

8

LAT Importance of sanitary latrine use

W/M

9

LAT Importance of sanitary latrine use

W/M

10

ENV Reduce usage air pollution

W/M

11

ENV Smoke from Stove Causes Harm to Human Health

W/M

12

ENV Reduce usage of chemicals and pesticides

W/M

13

ENV Household garbage management
--> See Sample [Khmer]

W/M

14

ENV Community garbage

W/M

15

ENV Reduce contaminants

W/M

16

DRR Disaster & Hazard

W/M

17

DRR Risks and Vulnerability

W/M

18

DRR Disaster Calendar

W/M

19

DRR Prevention & Mitigation

W/M

20

WASH Promotion in School

W/M

 XII.  Gender

យែនឌ័រ

 

1

24 Hours – What is Gender

W/M

2

Dream Arrow

W/M

3

Floating Coconut --> See Sample [Khmer]

W/M

4

Access and Control

W/M

5

Power Analysis

W/M

6

Putting it all Together – campaign or action

W/M

XIII. Non-Communicable Disease

ជំងឺមិនឆ្លង

 

XIV. Tobacco or Health​​

ថ្នាំជក់ រឺ សុខភាព

 

1

Tobacco is a silent killer

W/M

2

Pregnant women chewing tobacco and second hand smoke

W/M

3

Smoking is injurious to your health

W/M

4

How to quit smoking

W/M

5

How to prevent relapse --> See Sample [Khmer]

W/M

XV. Live More Cambodia

ជីវិតរុងរឿង

1

The rise and rise of chronic diseases

W/M

2

Lifestyle is the best medicine --> See Sample
[English] or [Khmer]
 

W/M

3

The common denominator of NCDs

W/M

4

The optimal lifestyle

W/M

5

Eat more, weigh less

W/M

6

Fiber; your new best friend

W/M

7

Disarming diabetes

W/M

8

The heart of the matter – heart health

W/M

9

Controlling blood pressure

W/M

10

Step into active living

W/M

11

Cancer prevention

W/M

12

Celebrating your results

W/M

13

Become what you believe

W/M

14

Practicing forgiveness

W/M

15

Re-engineering your environment

W/M

16

Stress-relieving strategies

W/M

17

Fix how you feel

W/M

18

From Surviving to Thriving

W/M

XVI. Soil Transmitted Helminths

ដើម្បីបង្ការទប់ស្តាត់ដង្កូវព្រូន

XVII. Anti-Trafficking

ប្រឆាំងការជួញដូរ

1

Domestic Violence

 

2

Joint Decision Making

 

3

Safe Migration --> See Sample [English] or [Khmer]

 

XVIII. Youth Reproductive Health

ការលើកកំពស់សុខភាពបន្តពូជ
យុវជន

1

Life skills

 

2

Growth and Changes in youth --> See Sample
[Khmer]

 

3

Pregnancy

 

4

Birth Spacing

 

5

Gender and Reproductive Health

 

6

Morality and peer pressure

 

7

Drug use

 

8

Sex trafficking

 

XIX. Ethics

ក្រមសីលធម្ម

1

   

2

   

3

   

XX. Baby Welcome Basket

ការស្វាគមន៍ទារកដែលទើបនិងកើត

1-10

Learning through Play - RLU #2 from above

 

XXI. Making Mealtimes Matter

ធ្វើអោយពេលអាហារជាពេលសំខាន់

XXII. Community Issue

ប្រធានបទសហគមន៌

1

Facilitated topic to analyze and take action on community identified issues
--> See Sample [Khmer]

 

2

Facilitated topic to analyze and take action on issue etc.

 

 

Sample Project

Schedule of First Reflect Learning Unit (RLU) Training of Trainers